Food technology is the field that have witnessed much advancement in the recent years. In the modern scenario, there is growing demands for processed foods that are safe, convenient, nutritious and quality assuring. The food industry has responded positively to this by developing new technology to cater the new needs of the consumer market.The new liberalization policy has encourage much foreign investment in this sector. Inland tourism as well as export market has contributed to the growth food industry.
Food technology has responded to the industrial demands by developing the new methods of processing, preserving and packaging of the food stuff and evaluation of their nutritional value. The different areas of specialization in this sector are in food processing ,preservation science, packaging technology, quality management, stores studies, transportation, hygiene and sanitation, waste management etc.
A qualified food technologist can find suitable employment in food processing companies. R&D laboratories, hotels, hospitals, process food exporting companies ,slaughter houses ,poultry and dairy farms, sugar mills etc.
A background in science is necessary per requisite for entry in this field. The aspirant who has passed the +2 level in the science stream can take up a 4 year degree course in food technology. For post graduation in food science & technology (FST) or allied subjects, The candidate should have the university degree in chemistry ,biology,Microbiology.
Food craft institutes and hotel management institutes conducts one year full time diploma course in bakery, and confectionary ,canning and food preservation.
The department of chemical technology ,Mumbai and IIT Khargpur offer engineering oriented programme that focus on design and manufacture of processing equipment and on the science of preserving foods.
The programme offered by Delhi university and SNDT women's university, Mumbai are more focused on catering and food production.